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Delivering The Global Goals 2020

Stronger Women, Stronger Nations programme participants in Rwanda. Photo: Serrah Galos

Explore our 2020 data

Afganistan

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

14% of women report earning at least $1.90 a day

Target 1.1: eradicate extreme poverty (people living on less than $1.25 a day).

Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world. We specifically target the most marginalised women for our programme. We can see from this data that almost all of the women (even more than last year) who entered our programme in 2020 were living in poverty, and while by endline only 14% report personal earnings over at least $1.90 a day, it is still a 367% increase which is very encouraging, especially in this fragile context they are living in.

*$1.90 a day is the international extreme poverty line set by the World Bank

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

44% of women participants report saving a portion of their earnings

Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

For the women we serve, our programme is the first time they are in control of an amount of their own money (through earnings or stipend). Our programme supports women to learn good savings habits and mechanisms for saving in order for women to move away from hand-to-mouth financial management.

This is especially important in Afghanistan where the majority of women are charged with household financial management (for example, buying food for their family) and are learning how to save even on an incredibly low income.

Goal 2: Zero Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

82% of women graduates report no food shortage in the last 4 weeks

Target 2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Food security is a key indicator of wellbeing and decreasing poverty. Food security is not just about having access to enough food but also nutritious food. Nutrition is a key part of our training, supporting women and their family’s health and well-being.

Upon graduating from our year-long programme, 82% of women reported having sufficient food in the house in the last four weeks compared to 63% at enrolment. 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all, at all ages.

61% of women participants report practising family planning

Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including family planning, information and education.

61% of women on our programme in Afghanistan reported sometimes or frequently practising family planning at graduation compared to 46% at enrolment.

In the conservative communities where we work women are denied influence over decision-making including over their own bodies. Women practising family planning is a key indicator of women having more awareness and influence over their own bodies.

Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

45% of school-aged girls (5-17 years) in school

TARGET 4.1: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

Women graduates of our programme in Afghanistan reported that 45% of girls were in school compared to 40% at enrolment.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

75% INCREASE IN PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY OF WOMEN PARTICIPANTS

TARGET 5.1: By 2030, end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

Women gaining confidence is central to their empowerment, believing in themselves and their abilities to participate, succeed, engage and create change for themselves, their facilities and communities. It is also a positive sign of recovery from trauma and isolation. Using a set of questions commonly used in women’s empowerment research studies, we present self-efficacy as a score on a scale of 0-1, where 1 indicates the highest possible level of self-efficacy.

The perceived self-efficacy of the women on our programme in Afghanistan has increased on graduation, from 0.44 on average to 0.70 on a scale of 0-1.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

97% of women report being involved in decisions about having more children

TARGET 5.6: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with international standards.

In the conservative communities where we work, women are denied influence over decision-making – including over their own bodies. Our data highlights an important shift in women’s voices being heard in decision-making which should also lead to positive changes in wellbeing.

In the past we have found that women did not necessarily appreciate the relevance of this specific indicator at baseline. However, we found that at endline the indicator was more applicable to them. Our M&E team has then improved women’s understanding at both points of data collection, hence why we are now seeing increases this year.

 

Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

15% of women report employment

TARGET 8.3: PROMOTE POLICIES TO SUPPORT JOB CREATION AND GROWING ENTERPRISES.

Women face multiple barriers to accessing employment. For example, in Afghanistan, attitudes in communities favour men working with women expected to stay at home to cook, clean and look after the children. Yet women’s employment is critical to their economic opportunities.

On graduation of our programme, 15% of women reported employment across all occupation levels compared to 4% at enrolment. Given the context of COVID-19 last year, this increase is still impressive considering more women were still able to gain and maintain employment by graduation.

 

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice or all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

37% of women have spoken publicly against abuse of women

Target 16.1: By 2030, significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

Conflict and poverty increase women’s vulnerability to all forms of violence, with violence acting as both a consequence and a driver of discrimination with women surviving violence being more vulnerable to further abuse.

37% of graduates of our programme in Afghanistan reported publicly speaking out against abuse of women compared to 2% at enrolment.

 

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice or all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

31% of women discussed community issues with other women in community

Target 16.7: Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

Women’s engagement with groups in their community demonstrates women’s increasing participation. Informal networks are key for providing social and economic support as well as group decision-making skills through elections of committees to manage the group.

The percentage of women who discussed issues with other women in their community increased by 287% from 8% at enrolment with 31% at graduation.

DRC

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

61% of women participants report earning at least $1.90 a day

Target 1.1 Target 1.1 eradicate extreme poverty (people living on less than $1.25 a day).

61% of women graduates of our programme in the DRC reported personal earnings of at least $1.90 a day, compared to 2% at enrolment.

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

99% of women participants report saving a portion of their earnings

Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

99% of graduates of our programme in DRC reported saving a portion of their earnings compared to 14% at enrolment.

Goal 2: No Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

62% of women graduates report no food shortage in the last 4 weeks

Target 2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Upon graduating from our year-long programme, 62% of women reported having sufficient food in the house in the last four weeks compared to 9% at enrolment. 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all, at all ages.

20% of women participants report practising family planning

TARGET 3.7: BY 2030, ENSURE ACCESS TO SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH-CARE SERVICES, INCLUDING FAMILY PLANNING, INFORMATION AND EDUCATION.

Whilst this is a significant increase in the number of women practising family planning, the percentage of women is still low at graduation.

Our interpretation of this data is that contraceptive use in the DRC is generally very low (demonstrated by the 9% datapoint at baseline), so for the women we serve (the most marginalised in the community), a 20% endline is considerably high.

Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

53% of school-aged girls (5-17 years) in school

TARGET 4.1: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

Women graduates of our programme in the DRC reported that 53% of girls were in school, compared to 46% at enrolment.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. 

180% INCREASE IN PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY OF WOMEN PARTICIPANTS

TARGET 5.1: By 2030, end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

The perceived self-efficacy of the women on our programme in the DRC has increased on graduation, from 0.26 on average to 0.73 on a scale of 0-1

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. 

76% of women report being involved in decisions about having more children

TARGET 5.6: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with international standards.

76% of women graduates of our programme in the DRC reported being involved in decisions about having more children compared to 40% at enrolment.

Goal 8: Good jobs and economic growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

93% of women report employment

TARGET 8.3: PROMOTE POLICIES TO SUPPORT JOB CREATION AND GROWING ENTERPRISES.

On graduation of our programme in the DRC, 93% of women reported employment across all occupation levels, compared to 78% at enrolment.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice or all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

3% of women have spoken publicly against abuse of women

Target 16.1: By 2030, significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

Only 3% of graduates from our programme reported speaking out against abuse of women. While low, it is still an increase from 1% at enrolment. Our interpretation of this data is that speaking out publicly on violence against women is extremely difficult for women in the DRC. This context means that even when women have knowledge about the issue, they may continue to face challenges when speaking publicly. This is why we also focus on wider community level attitude, behaviour and social norm change to create an enabling environment for women’s rights.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. 

58% of graduates are members of a group

Target 16.7: By 2030, ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

The percentage of women who were a member of a group outside our training had increased by the end of our year-long programme in the DRC, from 41% at enrolment to 58% at graduation. 

Iraq

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

17% of women participants report earning at least $1.90 a day

Target 1.1: eradicate extreme poverty (people living on less than $1.25 a day).

17% of women graduates of our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq reported personal earnings of at least $1.90 a day, compared to 2% at enrolment

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

21% of women participants report saving a portion of their earnings

Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

21% of graduates of our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq reported saving a portion of their earnings, compared to 31% at enrolment.

Women in Iraq especially were especially impacted economically by the impacts of COVID-19 and the lockdown period. Women in Iraq had to utilise any earnings for their daily expenses. This also led to having to access any savings they’ve already set aside.

Goal 2: Zero Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

88% of women graduates report no food shortage in the last 4 weeks

Target 2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Upon graduating from our year-long programme, 88% of women reported having sufficient food in the house in the last four weeks compared to 79% at enrolment. 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all, at all ages. 

63% of women participants report practising family planning

Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including family planning, information and education.

Women on our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq reported sometimes or frequently practising family planning (63% at graduation compared to 66% at enrolment).

The reason for this decrease is also due to the lockdown period, during which women did not have agency over these decisions.

 

Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

46% of school-aged girls (5-17 years) in school

TARGET 4.1: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

Many of the women we serve have never completed primary school due to discrimination in their communities that undervalue girls and blocks them from opportunities. Increases in education for girls is a positive sign of change across generations. 

Women graduates of our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq reported that 46% of girls were in school compared to 47% at enrolment.

Children were still not attending school when some endlines were collected for 2020 graduates due to school closures and the lockdown still being in place.

 

 

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

10% INCREASE IN PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY OF WOMEN PARTICIPANTS

TARGET 5.1: By 2030, end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

The perceived self-efficacy of the women on our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq has increased on graduation, from 0.73 on average to 0.80 on a scale of 0-1.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

95% of women report being involved in decisions about having more children

TARGET 5.6: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with international standards.

95% of women graduates of our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq reported being involved in decisions about having more children compared to 88% at enrolment.

Goal 8: Good jobs and economic growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

3% of women report employment

TARGET 8.3: PROMOTE POLICIES TO SUPPORT JOB CREATION AND GROWING ENTERPRISES.

On graduation of our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, 3% of women reported employment across all occupation compared to 3% at enrolment.

There was no change in employment overall due to COVID-19 lockdowns and limitations on women’s overall employment opportunities.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

34% of women have spoken publicly against abuse of women

Target 16.1: By 2030, significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

34% of graduates from our programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) reported publicly speaking out against abuse of women compared to 24% at enrolment.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

52% of graduates are members of a group

Target 16.7: By 2030, ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

The percentage of women who were a member of a group outside our training had increased only slightly due to COVID lockdown limitations by the end of our year-long programme in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, from 52% at graduation to 51% at enrolment.

Nigeria

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

26% of women participants report earning at least $1.90 a day

Target 1.1: eradicate extreme poverty (people living on less than $1.25 a day).

In Nigeria, around 50% of the population live in extreme poverty. This data shows that with investment and support, marginalised women are able to lift themselves out of poverty and provide more stability for their families. 26% of women graduates of our programme in Nigeria reported personal earnings of at least $1.90 a day, compared to 6% at enrolment.

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

96% of women participants report saving a portion of their earnings

Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

96% of graduates of our programme in Nigeria reported saving a portion of their earnings, compared to 26% at enrolment – a 269% increase.

 

Goal 2: Zero Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

82% of women graduates report no food shortage in the last 4 weeks

Target 2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Upon graduating from our year-long programme, 82% of women reported having sufficient food in the house in the last four weeks compared to 62% at enrolment. 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all, at all ages.

71% of women participants report practising family planning

Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including family planning, information and education.

71% of women on our programme in Nigeria reported sometimes of frequently practising family planning at graduation compared to 56% at enrolment.

Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

62% of school-aged girls (5-17 years) in school

Target 4.1: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

62% of the women graduates of our programme in Nigeria reported girls being in school, compared to 58% at enrolment.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

230% INCREASE IN PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY OF WOMEN PARTICIPANTS

TARGET 5.1: By 2030, end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

The perceived self-efficacy of the women on our programme in Nigeria has increased by 230% on graduation, from 0.27 on average to 0.89 on a scale of 0-1.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

91% of women report being involved in decisions about having more children

TARGET 5.6: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with international standards.

91% of women graduates of our programme in Nigeria reported being involved in decisions about having more children, compared to 16% at enrolment – a 469% increase.

Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

96% of women report employment

TARGET 8.3: PROMOTE POLICIES TO SUPPORT JOB CREATION AND GROWING ENTERPRISES.

On graduation of our programme, 96% of women reported employment across all occupation levels compared to 70% at enrolment.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice or all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

19% of women have spoken publicly against abuse of women

Target 16.1: By 2030, significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

19% of graduates from our programme in Nigeria reported publicly speaking out against abuse compared to 1% at enrolment – a 1800% increase. This significant change in women’s confidence to speak out against violence against women is especially promising given the prevalence in this context.

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice or all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

93% of graduates are members of a group

Target 16.7: By 2030, ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

The percentage of women who were a member of a group outside of our training had increased by the end of our year-long programme in Nigeria, from 93% at graduation from 75% at enrolment.

Rwanda

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

21% of women participants report earning at least $1.90 a day

Target 1.1: eradicate extreme poverty (people living on less than $1.25 a day).

21% of women graduates of our programme in Rwanda reported personal earnings of at least $1.90 a day, compared to 11% at enrolment.

*$1.90 a day is the international extreme poverty line set by the World Bank.

Goal 1: No Poverty

End poverty in all its forms everywhere.

99% of women participants report saving a portion of their earnings

Target 1.5: By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters.

99% of graduates of our programme in Rwanda reported saving a portion of their earnings, compared to 59% at enrolment.

Goal 2: No Hunger

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

68% of women graduates report no food shortage in the last 4 weeks

Target 2.1: By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Upon graduating from our year-long programme, 68% of women reported having sufficient food in the house in the last four weeks compared to 33% at enrolment. 

Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all, at all ages.

82% of women participants report practising family planning

Target 3.7: By 2030, ensure access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including family planning, information and education.

82% of women on our programme in Rwanda reported sometimes or frequently practising family planning compared to 62% at enrolment.

 

Goal 4: Quality Education

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.

52% of school-aged girls (5-17 years) in school

TARGET 4.1: By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes.

Women graduates of our programme in Rwanda reported 52% of girls in school compared to 48% at enrolment.

 

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. 

85% INCREASE IN PERCEIVED SELF-EFFICACY OF WOMEN PARTICIPANTS

TARGET 5.1: By 2030, end all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere.

The perceived self-efficacy of the women on our programme in Rwanda has increased on graduation, from 0.39 on average to 0.72 on a scale of 0-1.

Goal 5: Gender Equality

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. 

95% of women report being involved in decisions about having more children

TARGET 5.6: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with international standards.

On graduation of our programme in Rwanda, 95% of women reported being involved in decisions about having more children compared to 84% at enrolment.

Goal 8: Good jobs and economic growth

Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

65% of women report employment

TARGET 8.3: PROMOTE POLICIES TO SUPPORT JOB CREATION AND GROWING ENTERPRISES.

On graduation of our programme in Rwanda, 65% of women reported employment across all occupation levels, compared to 54% at enrolment.

 

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice or all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

 

37% of women have spoken publicly against abuse of women

Target 16.1: By 2030, significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere.

37% of graduates from our programme in Rwanda reported publicly speaking out against abuse of women compared to 8% at enrolment.

 

Goal 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. 

55% of graduates are members of a group

Target 16.7: By 2030, ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels.

The percentage of women who were a member of a group outside our training had increased by the end of our year-long programme in Rwanda, from 55% at graduation compared to 46% at enrolment.

A Women for Women International programme participant in Rwanda. Photo: Serrah Galos

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